The History of Dubai: How It Became a Global City?

With the massive development and booming urban renaissance in Dubai over the past years, this city has turned into a global center for business and commerce. Dubai is considered the fastest desert city oriented towards development and urban growth, as it has moved from a city covered with sand to a city full of life and population, and the development of construction in Dubai is shown through the amazing skyscrapers and huge towers that it embraces, such as the Burj Khalifa area (which is home to the tallest tower in the world) and others One of the distinctive Dubai towers. Some may ask how Dubai was built so quickly! And how it became one of the most famous and most developed cities in the world, so we will take an overview of Dubai, past and present, and learn about its history in detail. 

The Beginnings of Dubai

The history of Dubai dates back thousands of years, but the turning point and the emirate’s official emergence began in 1833 when the Bani Yas tribe, led by Al Maktoum, settled in the Al Khor area, which is a natural port, which later led to the emergence of Dubai as a center for fishing, pearl trade, and others. The creek serves as a starting point for Dubai’s heritage, and is currently a destination for various activities, such as sailing boats along the historic waterways, and remains one of the most important trade and tourist routes in the emirate.
Dubai witnessed remarkable development in 1894 under the leadership of Al Maktoum, and trade flourished in the region, as well thanks to new laws that exempted expatriates from paying taxes, and Indian and Pakistani merchants began to flock to it to take advantage of the excellent trade conditions at the time. Despite the historical success that Dubai achieved at the time, it still relied mainly on fishing and the pearl trade.

The Old Dubai in 50s

How Was Dubai Built?

Early Stage

It was difficult in the past in a city due to high temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius to provide water to all its parties, and before starting to construct buildings from the heart of the Dubai desert, experts studied the geography and geology of the land of the region until they found that it was not dry and desert in the past, but was found There are several pieces of evidence proving the existence of water in the past, as it had leaked into the ground and remained in its place.

The discovery of groundwater was the beginning of the development of construction in Dubai and the prosperity of population and economic growth, which led to the need to search for another water source, and additional water extensions and seawater desalination projects were established, and now the United Arab Emirates is building the largest environmentally friendly plant in the world for water desalination in the emirate of Ras al-Khaimah.

The Discovery of Oil In 1966

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, may God have mercy on him, began working on the development of the Emirate of Dubai, seeking to transform it from a small city in Dubai Creek into a modern city like no other. Some of the major projects completed at that time; were Port Rashid, Jebel Ali Port, Dry Docks World Dubai, and Dubai World Trade Centre. Sheikh Rashid worked on investing the oil revenues that were discovered at that time to develop Dubai’s infrastructure, so he built various facilities and roads, in addition to a modern communications and transportation network and all the necessary services and buildings to make Dubai a global icon. The wise leadership and insightful vision of Sheikh Rashid helped develop Dubai to be full of impressive architectural and social projects, but the same question remains, how was Dubai built so quickly?

The modern day Dubai

Dubai Architecture Style

One of the important challenges that Dubai faced when building high-rise towers and skyscrapers is the soft sandy land that the area is known for, as high buildings need solid foundations to bear this huge weight, and need strong rocks. So how was Dubai built on sandy terrain? Engineers and geologists studied the origin of the rocks in the Hajar Mountains in the eastern region of the Emirates, which are the main reason for the existence of the foundations of Dubai land. In the night hours, due to the low temperatures during the night.

During half a century, the development of Dubai has reached huge proportions, and the modern technologies that have been used and the efforts of engineers and researchers have helped in finding ideal solutions for the construction of what we see today in terms of modern buildings in Dubai and skyscrapers that have broken records in the world. For example, Burj Khalifa is one of the most iconic buildings in the world along with many other mega structures. But why are all these possible? Well, it is all about the investment. So, the modern architecture is one of the reasons why people should visit Dubai.

Dubai is Booming Because of Foreign and Private Investments

Dubai’s growth is the reflection of its investment policy where people from around the world are joining millions of investors and it continues to attract more investors. From the housing market to other industries, all are growing on a rapid scale which is turning it into a global city. As the housing industry is growing, other service industries are also growing. For example, because of the rapid housing and construction market, the building maintenance service providers in Dubai are having more opportunities. Besides, more and more people are shifting their businesses to Dubai, and as a result, other industries like the automobile, food, and hospitality sectors are growing like crazy.

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